The idea of a surgical procedure isn’t appealing to anyone. Often, procedures such as dental implants are necessary to ensure the health and appearance of someone who has damaged or missing teeth. Before dental implants an oral surgeon or dentist will need to evaluate the condition of the jaw and the surrounding teeth. After surgery the dentist and patient will work together to ensure that healing of the implant takes place as it should.
When oral surgery is necessary to replace lost or missing teeth the implant is placed at the root level. Metal, screw-like posts take the place of roots. These are functionally a when the prosthetic tooth is added they closely resemble natural teeth. The implant that unites with the bone is not visible when the replacement tooth is added. The ability to have the surgery depends on the health of the jaw. At times it might be necessary to have a bone graft in order to prepare the jaw for implant surgery. The benefit of those having the surgery is that once the bone heals tightly around the implant it has the stability to allow eating normally.
Oral surgery for dental implants will require some preparation. The person having the implant will need to have a comprehensive dental exam. This can involve X-rays, and models taken of the teeth. It can also involve having a computer mode made of the teeth and jaw in order to see how the measurements and strength of the bone. What emerges from the evaluation is a treatment plan tailored to meet the needs of the person needing the surgery. This might been bone grafts, or other types of preparation, but in most cases this need is minimal. It’s important during this process to tell the dentist or oral surgery about any conditions affecting the health such as heart problems, diabetes, or other issues that can affect the healing process. Immediately before the surgery a surgeon or health team will give instructions regarding eating and drinking. These instructions will vary depending on the general anesthesia needed for the oral surgery. If general anesthesia is used, it will be necessary to plan ahead and have someone to drive the patient home, and this individual should plan to rest for the remainder of the day.
During the oral surgery for an implant the damage tooth is removed. The jawbone is then prepared for surgery. The damaged tooth or any remaining roots will be removed. A hole is drilled into the jaw and then the dental implant is placed. During the surgery depending on the need of the patient anesthesia is often used.
After the surgery is completed, the patient will need two or three days of healing. There is often swelling which can be reduced with the use of ice packs. The gum and jaw will be sore for several days. It can take up to six months for the bone and transplant to fuse.